Learn About Oolong Teas
The Production of Oolong Tea
Almost exclusively produced in China and Formosa (Taiwan), Oolong teas fall between the non-oxidized green teas and the fully oxidized black teas. They are processed to be full-bodied teas, and are therefore made from larger, more mature leaves.
Partially oxidized or semi-fermented teas
Step 1: Withering
Step 2: Bruising
Step 3: Oxidation
In the next step, the leaves are spread out in the shade (outside, or indoors) to dry for about 6-8 hours. The process of shaking and spreading of the leaves is repeated numerous times. The bruised leaf edges begin to turn red through the oxidation process while the centers of the leaves remain green.
The amount of fermentation depends on the type of Oolong and can vary from approximately 16% for a “green” Oolong, to over 60% for a classic Formosa Oolong.
Step 4: Pan-Firing
Our favorite iced tea is our “Bumble Blossom Oolong” a classic Formosa Oolong base with many peach notes, with the addition of Red Clover blossoms grown here on our farm.
The “straight” Oolongs that we grow and offer in a limited edition series are our “White Oolong” (an “Oriental-Beauty” style) and a rich “Black Oolong” (full leaf more deeply oxidized) version, also in limited amounts.